Property Line Encroachment Disputes

Property line encroachment disputes occur when neighboring property owners disagree about the location of their boundary lines. Encroachments can involve structures, landscaping, or other improvements crossing over the legal boundary.

Common Causes 

  • Inaccurate property surveys can lead to misunderstandings.
  • Lack of clear boundary markers can result in disputes.
  • Changes in property use or development may encroach onto neighboring land.
  • Ignorance of property boundaries by owners can lead to unintentional encroachments.
  • Disputes over historical property lines can arise due to conflicting records.

Fence or Wall Placement Disputes

Fence or wall placement disputes arise when property owners disagree about the location of boundary barriers. These disputes often involve misunderstandings about property lines or disagreements over barrier types and heights.

Common Causes 

  • Misinterpretation of property deeds or legal documents can lead to boundary disputes.
  • Discrepancies between old and new surveys may cause disagreements.
  • Differences in aesthetic preferences or property use can influence fence placement.
  • Lack of communication between neighbors may result in unilateral decisions.
  • Changes in local zoning regulations may affect fence placement requirements.

Adverse Possession Disputes

Adverse possession is a legal doctrine allowing a person to claim ownership of land after occupying it openly and continuously for a specified period, often ranging from 5 to 20 years.

Common Causes 

  • Unintentional encroachments onto neighboring land may lead to adverse possession claims.
  • Lengthy periods of neglect or abandonment of property by the legal owner can facilitate adverse possession.
  • Disputes over boundary lines that have shifted over time may result in adverse possession claims.
  • Lack of documentation or evidence to prove ownership can make adverse possession claims challenging.
  • Confusion over property inheritance or title transfers may contribute to adverse possession disputes.


What is property boundary mediation?

Property boundary mediation is a process where disputing parties seek to resolve conflicts over property lines with the assistance of a neutral third-party mediator.

Is property boundary mediation legally binding?

While property boundary mediation agreements are typically not legally binding, they can serve as the basis for formal legal agreements or settlements if both parties agree to the terms.

How long does property boundary mediation take?

The duration of property boundary mediation can vary depending on the complexity of the dispute and the willingness of the parties to cooperate. Some cases may be resolved in a single session, while others may require multiple meetings.

What are the benefits of property boundary mediation?

  • Allows parties to maintain control over the outcome
  • Can be less time-consuming than litigation
  • Promotes communication and cooperation between neighbors
  • May help preserve relationships and minimize future conflicts

Can property boundary disputes be resolved without mediation?

Yes, property boundary disputes can be resolved through litigation, negotiation between parties, or by seeking clarification from legal authorities such as surveyors or local government agencies.

What happens if property boundary mediation is unsuccessful?

If property boundary mediation is unsuccessful, parties may choose to pursue other methods of resolution, such as litigation or arbitration, to seek a final determination of the dispute.

Are there any legal remedies for property boundary disputes?

Legal remedies for property boundary disputes may include injunctive relief to halt encroachments, monetary damages for losses incurred, or court-ordered boundary adjustments.

How can property owners prevent boundary disputes?

To prevent boundary disputes, property owners should:

  • Obtain accurate property surveys
  • Clearly mark property boundaries
  • Communicate openly with neighbors
  • Regularly maintain boundary structures
  • Seek legal advice when necessary

Is it possible to avoid property boundary disputes altogether?

While it may not be possible to completely eliminate the risk of property boundary disputes, proactive measures such as regular property inspections, boundary maintenance, and open communication can help minimize the likelihood of conflicts.