Easement Creation or Termination Disputes

Easement creation or termination disputes involve disagreements between property owners regarding the establishment or removal of easements. An easement grants a non-owner the right to use a portion of another owner’s property for a specific purpose, such as accessing a driveway or utility maintenance. Disputes may arise when parties disagree on the validity, scope, or termination of an easement.

Common Causes

  • Ambiguity in easement agreements
  • Changes in land use or property development plans
  • Non-use or abandonment of easements
  • Disagreements over easement maintenance responsibilities
  • Boundary disputes affecting easement rights

Encroachment Removal Disputes

Encroachment removal disputes involve conflicts between property owners when one party’s structure or use of land extends beyond their property boundaries and onto neighboring property. Encroachments can include fences, buildings, or landscaping that infringe upon adjacent land. Mediation is often necessary to resolve disputes and determine appropriate remedies.

Common Causes

  • Unclear property boundaries
  • Ignorance of property lines during construction or landscaping
  • Changes in property ownership leading to enforcement of boundary lines
  • Disputes over historical use or maintenance of encroached areas
  • Disagreements on the extent of encroachment and appropriate remedies

Shared Access Disputes

Shared access disputes occur when multiple property owners rely on a common access route, such as a driveway or pathway, but disagreements arise regarding usage rights, maintenance responsibilities, or alterations to the access route. These disputes can disrupt property use and require mediation to establish fair and practical solutions.

Common Causes

  • Differences in usage patterns and frequency of access
  • Disagreements over maintenance responsibilities and costs
  • Modifications to access routes impacting neighboring properties
  • Changes in property ownership leading to new access usage agreements
  • Boundary disputes affecting shared access routes


What is mediation in the context of easements and encroachments?

Mediation is a voluntary and confidential process in which a neutral third party helps disputing parties reach a mutually acceptable resolution.

How long does mediation typically take?

The duration of mediation varies depending on the complexity of the dispute and the willingness of parties to cooperate. It can range from a few hours to several sessions over weeks or months.

Can any dispute involving easements or encroachments be mediated?

Yes, most disputes can be mediated, including disagreements over easement creation or termination, encroachment removal, and shared access issues.

Who usually pays for mediation?

Parties typically share the costs of mediation equally, although the allocation of expenses can be negotiated as part of the mediation process.

What happens if mediation is unsuccessful?

If mediation fails to resolve the dispute, parties may pursue other dispute resolution options, such as arbitration or litigation, to seek a resolution.

Is mediation legally binding?

Mediation itself does not result in a legally binding decision. However, if parties reach a settlement agreement during mediation, the agreement can be legally binding once properly executed.

Can attorneys participate in mediation?

Yes, parties may choose to have their attorneys present during mediation sessions to provide legal advice and support.

What qualifications should a mediator have?

A qualified mediator should have training and experience in conflict resolution techniques, as well as knowledge of property law and relevant regulations.

How can I find a mediator for my easement or encroachment dispute?

You can search for mediators through local mediation organizations, legal associations, or online directories specializing in dispute resolution professionals.